I-Mab Reports Latest Phase 2 Clinical Data of its Differentiated CD73 Antibody Uliledlimab

27 May 2022 | Friday | News

- Uliledlimab appears safe and well-tolerated as a monotherapy and a combination therapy with toripalimab with no dose limiting toxicity
Image Source : Public Domain

Image Source : Public Domain

 Encouraging efficacy signals were observed in a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient cohort

-  Results indicate CD73 expression correlates with clinical response as a potential predictive biomarker

-  Company aims to initiate Phase 3 study in NSCLC in 2023

-  The Company will host investors call on Friday, May 27 at 8 a.m. ET

I-Mab (the "Company") (Nasdaq" IMAB), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company committed to the discovery, development and commercialization of novel biologics, today announced preliminary data of its ongoing Phase 2 clinical trial (NCT04322006) with uliledlimab (also known as TJD5, or TJ004309), a differentiated CD73 antibody, and its global clinical development plan.


At the 2022 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, preliminary results through December 2021 from an ongoing Phase 2 clinical study of uliledlimab in combination with toripalimab (TUOYI®) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were released.[1] These results were largely consistent with those observed in Phase 1 clinical trial in relation to favorable drug safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profile of ulilelimab. Uliledlimab appears safe and well-tolerated up to the highest doses tested at 30 mg/kg Q3W, as a monotherapy and a combination therapy with toripalimab with no dose limiting toxicity (DLT). Uliledlimab exhibited a linear PK profile at doses ≥5mg/kg and a dose-dependent receptor occupancy with no "hook effect", where the antibody loses its effectiveness at high concentrations.

The most updated Phase 2 data are summarized as follows with the new data cutoff of March 29, 2022. Among three NSCLC patient cohorts who were under different treatment settings, clinical response varied. The highest response rates were observed in the patient cohort with advanced NSCLC (mostly stage 4 disease) who were previously ineligible for standard of care, while the other two cohorts with advanced NSCLC who were heavily treated showed a lower clinical response. Among 19 efficacy evaluable patients from this cohort, 5 partial responses (5 PR, overall response rate [ORR]=26%) and 9 stable disease (9 SD, disease control rate [DCR] =73.7%) were observed. Approximately 80% patients in this cohort showed low PD-L1 expression in baseline tumor samples (tumor proportion score [TPS] 1-49% or TPS<1%) who were considered less responsive to a checkpoint inhibitor therapy as demonstrated in KEYNOTE-042 (ORR=16.9% for patient with PD-L1 TPS 1-49%)[2]. Noticeably, the clinical response observed in this patient cohort displayed a correlation with CD73 expression in tumors. High CD73 expression (≥35% expression level in tumor cells or immune cells) was found in 4/5 PRs with a mean value of 53.4%, 4/9 SDs with a mean value of 30.5% and none in the 5 remaining patients with a mean value of 19.2% who progressed on the treatment. The clinical data continue to mature.

"The data represent a step forward for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients. To date, uliledlimab has shown a favorable safety profile and positive anti-tumor activity in lung cancer patients, particularly in those patients with a higher baseline CD73 expression," said Professor Yi-Long Wu, Principal Investigator of the study and Professor of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences and Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute. "While the study is ongoing and we are analyzing the data as they mature, we are extremely encouraged by these results and the clinical benefits that uliledlimab may offer to cancer patients."

This Phase 2 clinical trial is still ongoing with patients on-study for continued treatment and follow-up evaluation. The Company plans to expand the study with the aim to focus on the selected NSCLC patient cohort for further evaluation of treatment efficacy as well as the role of CD73 as a potential predictive biomarker. The future clinical development plan of uliledlimab includes a Phase 3 registrational clinical trial in patients with NSCLC to be expected next year if approved by the China National Medical Products Administration and another clinical trial in the United States in other selected cancer types and beyond combination with PD-1/PD-L1 therapy in the next 12 months.

"The latest data readout, although preliminary, gives hope to those lung cancer patients who often do not benefit from the currently available treatments," said Dr. Andrew Zhu, President of I-Mab. "We are excited by uliledlimab's potential as a best-in-class CD73 antibody and the clinical results obtained so far have given us the confidence for further clinical development towards registration. We look forward to accelerating our clinical development plan in China and the U.S. with the goal to initiate a registrational clinical study soon."

Uliledlimab is a differentiated CD73 antibody that is designed to avoid a "hook effect" seen in other clinical stage CD73 antibodies. This differentiated property is enabled through uliledlimab's novel C-terminus epitope and its associated intra-dimer binding mode, leading to a favorable PK and PD relationship as confirmed in both Phase 1 and the ongoing Phase 2 clinical trials.

In a Phase 1 clinical trial of uliledlimab in combination with atezolizumab (Tecentriq®), uliledlimab was well tolerated with encouraging efficacy signals in heavily treated cancer patients (ORR=23%, DCR=46%) as presented at ASCO 2021[3]. Recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) was determined at 20 mg/kg, Q3W and there was a potential correlation between high tumoral expression of CD73 and the observed clinical response.


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